Web Resources for


(& Communication

Across Cultures)

John Harrower provides definitions of contextualisation, culture and gospel. He considers various historical dimensions: biblical, the Western colonial era, what he calls the Indigeneity Model, and Post World War II. He comments on a theology of culture. He assesses the significance of contexualisation in Nigeria, Chile, Africa and Australia. He looks at various approaches to contextualisation: translation models, an anthropological model, a praxis model. He urges discernment in usiing different contexualisation approaches. He also presents the challenge of contextualisation for Australian Anglicans.

Wolfe seeks to locate the rise of the Insider Movement Paradigm (IMP) in its historical context and to provide a summary of the literature central to the formation of the IMP as a strategy in high religious contexts. The sections are entitled: The Problem of Resistance in High-Religious Contexts; The Groundwork for the C-Continuum; Theoretical Suggestions Addressing the Cultural Problem; The Lombaro Case Study; Teeter and the Friendship Center; Woodbury’s Re-Use of Common Pillars; Herbert Hoefer’s Churchless Christianity; and C5: Logical Conclusions of Dynamic-Equivalence. Conclusion: “the genesis of the IMP traces back almost forty years to the application of Kraft’s model of dynamic equivalence to the issues in Muslim evangelism.” Solutions have been sought to the cultural problem in high-religious contexts, with the Insider solution being “to maintain the totality of religious identity.” Further, “maintaining a religious identity is theologically validated by claiming – like messianic Judaism – to have been completed by faith in Jesus.

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In this article Ross Langmead is particularly concerned with contextualisation in NE India. A major shift has occurred in our awareness of context so that it is now recognised that more than indigenisation is needed. Langmead discusses contextualisation and inculturation, contextual theology and local theologies, the two bases for contextualisation (the nature of people in society and the gospel), factors to keep in mind when doing contextual theology, and Hiebert's three approaches to contexualisation (rejection of contextualisation; uncritical contextualisation and critical contextualisation).

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