These slides provide an outline of essential aspects of a biblical understanding of culture.

In Acts 17 Paul presents us with a fine model of Cultural Intelligence (CQ). But this does not involve downplaying or sidestepping the gospel. Paul’s approach is considered alongside Niebuhr’s famous five models of how “Christ” relates to “culture.” His speech largely clashes with Epicurean and Stoic philosophy rather than the other way round. Paul evidently viewed all culture, especially in its religious expression, as expressive of sinful ignorance concerning the true God. But while Paul’s address critiques culpable religious ignorance it does not oppose culture as such. Study questions are added, along with Appendices concerning Epicurean and Stoic philosophy.

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Raphael, St Paul Preaching in Athens (1515)

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